To understand how Urine-Off™ works, it is important to know a little about urine. Urine, whether human or animal, has three main components:
Uric acid contains non-soluble salt crystals, which present the biggest challenge to removing urine from surfaces and fabrics.
The first two components can be washed away with ordinary cleaning and commercially-available urine odour products, but the uric acid crystals are extremely insoluble and remain tightly bonded to the surface. After initial cleaning and drying with ordinary products, it may appear that the problem is solved. However, any type of moisture will reactivate those remaining crystals and the smell returns, as strong as ever.
There are a number of urine odour products available to the retail customer. Most are composed of surfactants (detergents) and a masking agent. A few also employ enzymes and some use alcohol as a solvent. Still others are chemicals, whose molecules encapsulate, or coat, the urine molecules to “seal in” the odour. The shortcomings of these approaches are that the odour is usually addressed only temporarily, and the stain most times not at all. None appear to have success with old, dried urine deposits.
In the case of pets, the problem is compounded because of their territory-marking behaviour and their very acute sense of smell. Even when the urine odour has been rendered imperceptible to humans, animals detect it and are compelled to re-apply their own scent! So once an animal has “gone” in one spot, they frequently return to it again and again, no matter what we do.
With the source of the odour AND the stain removed, the problem is solved. Urine-Off™ has a pleasant citrus fragrance and even that disappears when the product dries.